PROGRAM 2: JULY 14TH-21ST, 2019

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BUNDLE I: THE COMPUTER AND THE BRAIN

In 1957 John von Neumann wrote a monumental book entitled The Computer and the Brain in an effort to understand the similarities between the computer, emerging at that time, and the human brain, nature's information processing machine. The understanding of brain’s architecture and the improvement of computers can benefit from each other. Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is perhaps one of the fastest growing fields of science and its applications are pervasive in our daily lives, ranging from single user-oriented applications (e.g., in smartphones, self-driving cars) to those for more structured users (e.g., for health care in hospitals, for autonomous weapons in military industries). The growth of AI has prompted the mathematical study of neural networks. Given that nature works in a quantum way, improved understanding of how the brain functions warrants using quantum methods. Through isolating, manipulating and measuring quantum observables in a controlled way in a laboratory, as it is done in quantum computers, we will not only gain insight into how our brains work, but also create and train a new generation of computers which work in the same fashion. The prospective audience in these seminars will be advanced undergraduates and graduate students or even faculty majored in Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Bioengineering, or Neuroscience. The seminars of this bundle comprise a conceptual unit hence the students are encouraged to register in all of them.

ELENA AGLIARI

SAPIENZA UNIVERSITY

GEORGE ANDROULAKIS

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA

ADRIANO BARRA

SALENTO UNIVERSITY